Visual Perception

Visual perception is the process of organizing information, and giving meaning to what we see. It is required to perform everyday tasks and is essential for learning in school.

Components of visual perception include:

  • Eye-hand coordination: Drawing precise straight or curved lines within a visual boundary.

  • Figure ground: The ability to see an object or form when presented in a complex background with a lot of visual information at one time.

  • Visual discrimination: The foundation for where an object or shape is classified according to color, form, pattern, size or position.

  • Position in space: This relates to understanding directional language concepts, such as in/out, up/down, in front of/behind/between, left/right, when relating to objects or shapes such as letters.

  • Visual memory: The ability to remember and recall objects, shapes, symbols, movements or a sequence of movements.

  • Visual motor integration: The ability to make sense of visual information and then use it appropriately when performing a motor task, such as writing.

  • Visual closure: The ability to visualize the whole of an object or picture when part of it is hidden or missing.

  • Form constancy: The ability to recognize forms and objects as the same in various situations.